There are two basic schools of thought as to the origins of astrology in the West. The archaeological record suggests that it may have been the Sumerians of the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys who were the oldest observer of the stars, but the Greeks in their literature suggested it was the Egyptians. So says Diodorus Siculus (1st century BC) in his Bibliotheca Historica.
" . . . the Chaldeans in Babylon, being colonies of the Egyptians, became famous for astrology, having learned it from the priests of Egypt. . ."
We know that Daniel and Moses were raised in the courts of Babylon and Egypt, and that they were exposed to the astronomy/astrology/traditions of their culture. According to Josephus in his work Antiquities of the Jews written in the first century AD,
". . . having learned the art in Chaldea, when he sojourned into Egypt, he taught the Egyptians the knowledge of arithmetic and astrology. . ."
In his book Astrological Origins Cyril Fagan suggests that for the Greeks there were several 'fixed zodiacs' deviating from the Vernal Equinox by several degrees. Fifteen, 12, 10 and 8 degrees of Aries west were all popular with different individuals and ephemera. Looking even further back in time, the bright "Bull's Eye" Aldebaran (alpha Tauri) once marked the 'center' or start of the zodiacal circle. According to Cyril, there were various perspectives on just what this New World Order meant. To the Romans, it was the eventual triumph over the warring factions of the Republic in the guise of Augustus Caesar, founder and father of the new Roman Empire. For the Jews it meant the finding of a new ally in the face of their common enemy, the Greeks of the Alexandrian conquests in the eastern Mediterranean.
"It was not until about 139 B.C. that Hipparchus, who after he had been credited with the discovery of the phenomenon of precession, invented the modern version of the tropical zodiac with the equinox fixed in Aries 0 Degrees to facilitate the measurements of the positions of the fixed stars in the equatorial system, that is, Right Ascension and Declination, which are essentially tropical coordinates."
Even so, not everyone was homogenized into the system.
"Hipparchus' reform in the 2nd century B.C. apparently did not catch on for many centuries thereafter. As shown by the authors of 'Greek Horoscopes', even after Claudius Ptolemy adopted the vernal point as fixed in Aries 0 degrees as the fiducial for his star catalogue in the 'Almagest' about 140 A.D., astrologers continued to cast charts with the vernal point displaced by several degrees from Aries 0 degrees. Horoscopes cast by Palchus late in the 5th century, A.D. place his zero point of longitude close to Aries 3 degrees of the modern norm."
What we are seeing here are the calculations based on different points in time. The number of degrees in Aries kept changing, because no one has ever been able to shut off the precessional conveyer belt the Earth rides on. Yes, some of the Greek astronomers knew of and understood the motion involved. One set of star charts of 72 years is only off the next set of 72 by a single degree. But not everyone understood that.
Sure you can go ahead and use the older versions rather have to re-calculate everything from scratch. We can even grandfather the grandchildren in.
Eventually the entire system did freeze up, and zero degrees of Aries, the first day of Spring (when the Sun triggers this point), the East Point, all became fused to the Vernal Equinox.
Poor Pisces was ignored and lost his turn.
What would Jesus say?
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